Standards & Policies


The following documents are the only peer-reviewed, internationally accepted definition and principles describing what Zero Waste means and measures to evaluate its success. These were developed to guide businesses, institutions, communities and individuals on how to pursue Zero Waste successfully.

These are living documents and will change over time:

1.   Zero Waste Definition, 2004 updated 2009 and reworked October 2018!
2.   Zero Waste Business Principles, 2005
3.   Zero Waste Community Principles, 2009
4.   Zero Waste Hierarchy, 2014,updated 2018


  1. What Does Zero Waste Mean? Zero is Zero, 2015
  2. Zero Landfill is Not Zero Waste Policy, 2015

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